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How to Refinish Hardwood Floors in

by Canadian Sanders
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How to Refinish Hardwood Floors In Saskatchewan

Hardwood is a classic and enduring option for your floors that offers a great appearance, durability, and longevity. However, after several years of usage, the surface of your floor may begin to deteriorate due to wear and tear. If you observe that the shine on your floor is starting to fade or you can see scratches, scuffs, or other marks, it is time to consider refinishing your floors. As a general rule, it is recommended that you recoat your floors every 3-7 years and sand and refinish them every 7-15 years. You might be wondering about the cost involved. You may also be contemplating do-it-yourself options. While it’s true that some people do choose to handle their hardwood floors themselves, we encourage you to first educate yourself on the topic and learn how to DIY Refinish. Refinishing hardwood floors is a skilled craft that requires a personalized approach. This article aims to help Regina residents learn how to refinish their hardwood floors on their own.


Table of Content 

How to Prep the Floor for Refinishing
How To Choose the Correct Sandpaper
How to Sand Hardwood Floors with a Drum Sander
How to Sand Hardwood Floors with An edger
How to screen/buff hardwood floors 
How to Stain Hardwood Floors (optional)
How to Finish Hardwood Floors

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How to Sand and Refinish wood floors Saskatchewan

How to Resurface Hardwood Floors, Sealing, and Refinishing.

The Process
Thoroughly sand the floor to bare wood.
Applying a sealer or stain.
Applying a finish with your choice of sheen.

This process allows for the most design updates and will enable you to repair gouges, damage, discoloration, and fading. Depending on the size of the room, the type of wood, and the finishing system you choose, this process should take a DIYer 2- 7 days to complete. 

Videos On How To sand hardwood floors DIY

Pete’s how to sand a hardwood floor DIY Video


How to Prep the Floor

When preparing to refinish hardwood floors in Saskatchewan, clearing the room of all furniture, window treatments, and rugs is essential. Cover the vents to avoid dust buildup. Seal doors with plastic sheeting to prevent dust from spreading to other areas. You can use a pry bar to gently remove the base molding. If you hire a professional, they will use dustless sanding equipment, which can significantly reduce the amount of dust generated during the refinishing process.


How To Choose the Correct Grits for Sanding Hardwood Floors

When sanding hardwood floors, it’s essential to gradually progress from coarse to finer grit sandpapers. Starting with coarse sandpaper of 36-50 grit, then going to a medium 60-80 grit paper and finishing with a finer 80-100 grit will give you a smooth and even finish. Skipping the progression from coarse to finer grades can result in uneven and rough floors. If you’re planning to stain your floors or sand a maple floor, using 100 or 120 grit is recommended as the finishing grit. Remember to remove all evidence of your sanding, especially on the edger, which is easier when you sand to a finer grit. So, follow the correct sequence to achieve the desired results.


How to Sand Hardwood Floors with a Drum Sander

When refinishing hardwood floors, it’s important to use the drum sander to sand all the main field areas. If you’re working on a multi-level building, start with the upper level and work your way down to avoid moving the machines up and down the stairs repeatedly. Wait for the drum sander to finish the grit in the first room before moving on to the second room. Once the drum sander has moved to the second room, use the edger in the first room.


How to Sand Hardwood Floors with An edger

When sanding your floors, use an edger to sand all the areas that the drum did not reach. Always use the same grit you used on the drum, and make sure to drum first before edging. The drum sander can leave sanding marks. If the edger clogs or glazes, switch to a coarser grit. Once you’ve finished edging, you can proceed to the next grit in your sanding sequence, making sure to use the appropriate grit that matches the previous pass of the drum sander. By doing this, the edge area will be in the same condition as the rest of the field so that you can confidently continue your planned sanding process.


How to screen/buff hardwood floors 

To buff the floor and remove sanding marks from the drum and edger, use a pole sander if you are on a budget, but renting an industrial floor buffer is recommended to produce a flat, even floor. Buff the floor along each board, moving back and forth with the grain, using a 100/120-grit sanding screen/disc. Use the floor buffer to level minor unevenness and buff away sanding scratches. Depending on how you position the handle, the buffer may swing to the right or left, so practice in the middle of your floor before you start buffing. Use a 100-120 grit buffer for uniform finish absorption and a consistent, blotch-free look.

How to Vacuum

For a perfect finish, vacuum the whole area twice, paying attention to cracks and edges. Use a soft-bristled wand to avoid plastic marks.

Dry Tack

Once you’ve vacuumed, use a dry microfiber cloth to wipe away any remaining dust. 

How to Seal The Floor Not Using Stain

Protect your wood floors with a clear coat for a natural look. Stain only changes color, not protection. Clear coats are a safe choice for DIY refinishing.

How to Stain Hardwood Floors (optional)

Before applying any stain to your floor, remember it can highlight even the most minor flaws in your sanding job. This is because the pigment particles in the stain can get stuck in scratches, gouges, and pores in the wood, making them more visible. That’s why it’s crucial to sand your floors thoroughly and remove all the dust before applying any stain. Sanding the floor meticulously before applying the stain will help ensure the color goes smoothly and evenly without highlighting any imperfections in the wood.

When staining your wood floors, applying the stain carefully to avoid lap lines is crucial. To achieve this, we recommend applying the stain in 3-5 board-wide columns and wiping it off thoroughly. Consistency is key, so have one person apply the stain, and another wipe it off. Using a buffer with a clean towel can also help maximize color saturation and coverage while minimizing the risk of lap marks. Additionally, be mindful of spraying stains toward walls and trim to avoid unnecessary clean-up.

Videos On How To Stain Hardwood Floors DIY

How to Stain Hardwood Floors DIY Video


How to Finish Hardwood  Floors

When sanding and refinishing your hardwood floors, two main factors determine the job’s quality – the workmanship and the materials used. The polyurethane coating is the most important component in terms of protecting your floors and ensuring their longevity. It’s recommended to apply three coats of polyurethane for optimal results. The brand of polyurethane that you choose will play a significant role in both the appearance of your floors and how long they last. There are two main types of polyurethane – oil-based and waterborne – and each has advantages and disadvantages.

When finishing your hardwood floors, start at the farthest wall and pour a 5-inch-wide puddle of polyurethane that runs along the starting wall. Cut in with the trim pad and coat a 6-inch border along your starting wall and adjacent walls. Work in sections, keeping a wet edge and smoothing excess finish before it dries. These steps will help you avoid lap marks and achieve a professional-looking finish. You have three options to apply polyurethane. 

You can lightly sand the floor by hand or use a buffer between each coat to remove imperfections and debris. 

When the finish dries, you can attach molding.

Videos On How To Stain Hardwood Floors DIY

How to Stain Hardwood Floors DIY Video

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How to care for Refinished Wood Floors

How to Deep Clean And Remove Scuffs in Saskatchewan

Deep cleaning and scuff Removal.
Deep-cleaning hardwood floors and adding Polish.



This process is quick and easy, cost-effective, and safe. It takes 3 hours to complete and will remove scuffs, fill in micro scratches, and protect the floor. When you add polishes to your floor, there will be an additional protection. If you are considering adding a polyurethane floor finish, you must emulsify all polishes before adding new protection.

How to Recoat Hardwood Floors in Saskatchewan

How To Add New Polyurethane Protection.

Light Sanding & Recoating



The purpose is to replace the main layer of protection with new polyurethane. This procedure should be performed approximately every 3-7 years on average and longer if your floor is factory-finished. We recommend hiring a professional to recoat pre-finished hardwood floors. Pre-finished floors will need chemical treatment and specialized abrasives to perform correctly.

Videos On How To Screen and Recoat DIY

Pete’s how to screen and Recoat DIY Video
DIY – How to finish your hardwood floors.

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Canadian Sanders: Hardwood Floor Refinishing and Maintenance Specialist.

ABOUT Our Services: Hardwood floor sanding, Staining hardwood floors, Refinish hardwood floors without sanding. Hardwood repair, floor sanding near me, Deep Hardwood floor Sanding, Cleaning and Refinishing, Sandless Hardwood Floor Refinishing, Buffing and Recoating, Hardwood Floor Restoration. 

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Price Starts: $999.99~
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